Indonesia language

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Indonesian is one of the easier languages to learn due to its letter alphabet and easy pronunciations. There are many things that you can do to learn this easy language.

Read the steps below to get a better understanding of what you can do to learn Indonesian in the easiest and fastest way. Learning Indonesian can be tricky since the written language can be very different from real life conversation.

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Article Edit. Learn why people trust wikiHow. Co-authored by Rosmanita Riswari Updated: September 8, This article was co-authored by Rosmanita Riswari. Rosmanita is an Indonesian Translator and Project Manager with over 10 years of experience in the field.

She is a native Indonesian speaker, and lives locally in Indonesia. There are 6 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Explore this Article Steps. Tips and Warnings. Things You'll Need. Related Articles.There are an estimated languages used in Indonesia, most of which are Austronesian languages. The de jure official language in Indonesia is the Indonesian language as indicated in the Indonesian Constitution.

The language is the most widely used language in the country and is used in all formal communication particularly in media, administration, and commerce. However, there are the other main languages used in the country such as Javanese and Sundanese which have millions of native speakers.

The Indonesian language is one of the major languages spoken in Indonesia. The Indonesian language is also formally recognized as the official language of the country as is provided for by Article 35 of the Constitution of Indonesia. The language is categorized by linguists as a standardized register of Riau Malay and is among the languages of the Austronesian language family.

Indonesian is one of the most popular languages in the world with about 43 million people in Indonesia being identified as native Indonesian language speakers while another million use the language as a second language.

Indonesian language hasa rich history in the country and was used as the lingua franca in Indonesia for hundreds of years.


The language is popularly used in print and electronic media in the country and is also incorporated into the education curriculum of the country. As the official language, Indonesian is the language used in all formal communication as well as in the drafting of legal documents. The language was adopted as the official language in Indonesia in after the country gained independence and promulgated its constitution. The majority of native Indonesian speakers reside in the urban regions of the country.

Javanese is a major language in Indonesia which is predominantly used in the island of Java among the Javanese people. The language is also one of the most widely used in the country with 98 million Indonesian people being identified as native Javanese speakers. All Indonesia presidents since the country gained independence in have been all native Javanese speakers.

Javanese is also recognized as the official language in East Java as well as in Central Java. Javanese is a Sunda-Sulawesi language and is categorized under the Austronesian language family.

The language is made up of three distinct dialects all of which are mutually intelligible and these include; Central Javanese, Western Javanese, and Eastern Javanese. Traditionally, the language was written in Javanese script, but in recent years the languages use Latin script in its written format. Sundanese is another major language spoken in Indonesia. The Sundanese language is made up of six main dialects all of which are geographically defined and include; the Southeast dialect, the Northeast dialect, the Mid-east dialect, the Priangan dialect, the Northern dialect and the Western dialect.

Other languages used in Indonesia include Musi language which is the Malay language predominantly used in the Palembang region in South Sumatra and has an estimated 3. Another major language used in the country is the Minangkabau language. Minangkabau is used among the members of the Minangkabau ethnic group who are estimated to be about 5. He is a frequent World Atlas contributor. All rights reserved. Jakarta, the largest city in Indonesia as well as its capital.

Indonesian language

Regional Languages Of Indonesia Javanese Javanese is a major language in Indonesia which is predominantly used in the island of Java among the Javanese people.More than living languages are spoken in Indonesia. The vocabulary of Indonesian borrows heavily from regional languages of Indonesia, such as JavaneseSundanese and Minangkabauas well as from DutchSanskrit and Arabic. The Indonesian language is primarily used in commerce, administration, education and the media.

Most Indonesians speak other languagessuch as Javaneseas their first language.

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Since Indonesia recognises only a single official language, other languages are not recognised either at the national level or the regional level, thus making Javanese the most widely spoken language without official statuswith Sundanese the second in the list excluding Chinese varieties.

Below is a chart of several Indonesian languages. All of them except for Galela belong to the Austronesian language family. While there have been misunderstandings on which ones should be classified as languages and which ones should be classified as dialectsthe chart confirms that many have similarities, yet are not mutually comprehensible.

The languages are arranged geographically. There are languages spoken across the Indonesian archipelago in dropped from languages inthe second largest multilingual population in the world after Papua New Guinea.

Indonesia's Minister of Education and Culture Muhammad Nuh affirmed in January that the teaching of local languages as school subjects will be part of the national education curriculum.

Nuh stated that much of the public worry about the teaching of local languages being left out of the curriculum is misplaced and that the new curriculum will be conveyed to them. Several prominent languages spoken in Indonesia sorted by language family are:.


There are many additional small families and isolates among the Papuan languages. Indonesian languages are generally not rendered in native-invented systems, but in scripts devised by speakers of other languages, that is, TamilArabicand Latin.

Malayfor example, has a long history as a written language and has been rendered in BrahmicArabicand Latin scripts. Javanese has been written in the Pallava script of South India, as well as their derivative known as Kawi and Javanesein an Arabic alphabet called pegon that incorporates Javanese sounds, and in the Latin script. Chinese characters have never been used to write Indonesian languages, although Indonesian place-names, personal names, and names of trade goods appear in reports and histories written for China 's imperial courts.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Etiquette in Indonesia Dance in Indonesia.Indonesian languagesbroadly, the Austronesian languages of island Southeast Asia as a whole, including the languages of IndonesiaMalaysia, Brunei, the Philippinesand Taiwan, and the outlying areas of Madagascar and of Palau and the Mariana Islands of western Micronesia.

A more restricted core area includes only the languages of Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei. The term has been used in the broader sense by Japanese and Chinese linguists concerned with the aboriginal languages of Taiwan, as well as by European scholars such as Wilhelm Schmidt and Otto Dempwolff in the first half of the 20th century.

In its narrower sense the term Indonesian language has been used primarily by Dutch scholars. Most scholars have avoided this expression in connection with the Chamic languages of mainland Southeast Asia, despite the close relationship of this group to Malay and some other languages of western Indonesia.

Although it remains a convenient label for languages of a certain type and geographic area, the term Indonesian language does not appear to refer to any definable subgroup within the Austronesian family.

Indonesian languages. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. See Article History. Alternative Title: Western Austronesian languages. Read More on This Topic. Balinese, and Buginese of western Indonesia; and Malagasy of Madagascar. Each of these languages has more than one million speakers. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.

Javanese alone accounts for about one-quarter of all speakers of Austronesian languages, which is a remarkable disparity in view of the total number of languages in this family.

In eastern…. Most of the several hundred languages spoken in Indonesia have an Austronesian base. The major exceptions are found in western New Guinea and some of the Moluccas, where different Papuan languages are used. The Austronesian language family is broken into several major groups within….

History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! Email address.In the twenty-first century, multilingualism is becoming the norm. So where do you fit into this changing world? Do you see yourself as part of a dynamic population of world citizens, or stuck on a shrinking monolingual island?

indonesia language

The real question should be: why not learn another language? The more languages you speak, the bigger your world becomes. The idea that only children can become bilingual is simply a myth. Speaking a language is about connection, not perfection. A language is more than a bunch of words and rules for how to put those words together; it is another world. Among them, only 23 million speak it as their mother tongue, but for the other million Bahasa Indonesia is the lingua franca of the entire archipelago.

Indonesian is a standardized form of Malay, one of the most widely-spoken languages in the Austronesian language family. When Indonesia declared its independence from the Netherlands inMalay was chosen as the official language.

The country itself is spread across thousands of islands and hundreds of different languages. Standardized Malay, redubbed Bahasa Indonesia, ties the archipelago nation together. There is basically no cross-over between English and Indonesian in terms of vocabulary or grammar, but the language is still relatively easy to pick up. With a small vocabulary and simple spelling, Bahasa Indonesia may be the easiest non-Indo-European language for a native English speaker to master. Indonesian is the most widely spoken Austronesian language.

Understanding it will give you a head start if you want to also learn any of the other languages spoken in South-East Asia and Oceania, like Tagalog, Maori or Hawaiian.

indonesia language

With Babbel, you can learn Indonesian without going to classes, hiring a tutor or investing in expensive software. For an affordable monthly subscription, you have access to hundreds of hours of interactive courses that get you speaking right from the first lesson. We add courses on a regular basis, so the opportunities to learn and improve are always growing.

And if you own an iPhone, Android, or Windows 8 phone the key to speaking Indonesian is already in your pocket. Having a little Indonesian in your conversational repertoire will open up the world to you on multiple levels:. Trade between the U. Because so few non-Indonesians speak Bahasa Indonesia learning the language can give you a rare skill and make you an in-demand specialist. Traveling — Java, Borneo, Bali and the 13, other islands that make up the Indonesian archipelago offer the textbook definition of vacation getaway.Student Assessment.

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indonesia language

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If, after booking a session for a given week. Under our "Flexible Schedule" Program, you are entitled to :. LSI Business Hours :. Monday through Friday, 9am to 5pm.Home News Alphabets Phrases Search. Indonesian, an Austronesian language, is a standardized form of Malay and is spoken throughout Indonesia. About 30 million people speak Indonesian as their first language and a further million speak it as a second language. Indonesia is a linguistically diverse region where the Indonesian language acts as a lingua franca, even though there are more native speakers of Javanese - about 75 million.

During the time Indonesia was a Dutch colony, the Latin alphabet was introduced to write Indonesian and a number of Dutch spellings were used.

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This alphabet was called ejaan lama Old Script in Indonesian. In the s, as part of the independence movement, the Indonesian language was standardised and the term Bahasa Indonesia was adopted as the name of the language.

In the spelling of oe was changed to u. Then in a set of official changes to the Indonesian spelling system were introduced by former president Soeharto. The major changes included changing ch to kh, dj to j, j to y, nj to ny, sj to sy, and tj to c.

A recording of the Indonesian alphabet by Pangus Ho. Semua orang dilahirkan merdeka dan mempunyai martabat dan hak-hak yang sama. Mereka dikaruniai akal dan hati nurani dan hendaknya bergaul satu sama lain dalam semangat persaudaraan. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

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Which language? Indonesian Bahasa Indonesia Indonesian, an Austronesian language, is a standardized form of Malay and is spoken throughout Indonesia.

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